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How to communicate Raspberry Pi 3 B+ with a MAX485 module

Industrial Arduino M-Duino working with Raspberry Pi board

Raspberry Pi 3 B+

Introduction

In this post you will learn how to communicate a Raspberry Pi 3 B+ with an M-Duino by RS485 using a MAX 485 module.  


Requeriments

M-Duino / Ardbox family

Raspberry Pi 3 B+

MAX485 module


MAX485 Module

On-board MAX485 chip is a low-power and slew-rate-limited transceiver used for RS485 communication. By adopting half-duplex communication to implement the function of converting TTL level information into RS485 level, it can reach a maximum transmission rate of 2.5 Mbps. 

Pinout:

Max 485 Module

Dependig on RE and DE connection, the module works as receiver or transmitter. Connected to VCC, it transmits data and connected to GND it receives data. 

It is a cheap module. Batches of 5 units can be found for less than one euro. 


Connections

Raspberry Pi 3 B+ Pinout


Connections


Raspberry Pi to MAX485

Raspberry Pi 3 B+ PinsMAX485 Module Pins
UART_TXDRX
UART_RXDTX
GPIO17RE
GPIO27DE

The GPIO17/27 digital pins used to establish the type of communication. Receiver or transmitter mode.


MAX485 to M-Duino/Ardbox 

MAX485 Module PinsM-Duino / Ardbox Pin
VCC3.3 V
BB-
AA+
GNDGND


Diagram

Diagram

Python Code Example

In this example of code, we send a character from the PLC to the Raspberry, print it, and answer to the PLC with the same character, which is an "echo". Note that in case of receiving data, pins 17 and 27 are deactivated and activated in case of transmit data.

#!/usr/bin/env python3

' IMPORTANT: remember to add "enable_uart=1" line to /boot/config.txt

from gpiozero import OutputDevice
from time import sleep
from serial import Serial

' RO  <-> GPIO15/RXD
' RE  <-> GPIO17
' DE  <-> GPIO27
' DI  <-> GPIO14/TXD

' VCC <-> 3.3V
' B   <-> RS-485 B
' A   <-> RS-485 A
' GND <-> GND

re = OutputDevice(17)
de = OutputDevice(27)

' enable reception mode
de.off()
re.off()

with Serial('/dev/ttyS0', 19200) as s:
	while True:
		' waits for a single character
		rx = s.read(1)

		' print the received character
		print("RX: {0}".format(rx))

		' wait some time before echoing
		sleep(0.1)

		' enable transmission mode
		de.on()
		re.on()

		' echo the received character
		s.write(rx)
		s.flush()

		' disable transmission mode
		de.off()
		re.off()


Take a look at the Programmable Automation Controller based on Raspberry Pi  

Automation, monitoring and control with the power and speed of the Raspberry Pi

Programmable Automation Controller based on Raspberry Pi


Programmable Automation Controller based on Raspberry Pi


Programmable Automation Controller based on Raspberry Pi


With double RS-485 ports, a double ethernet port, UPS that will ensure a minimum power supply, this will secure a safe shut down and SD data protection. Also a CAN bus. 


A PLC with the power of Raspberry Pi.


Raspberry PLC Range >>

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