Technical Details

M-DUINO PLC Arduino Ethernet 21 I/Os Analog/Digital PLUS

BACK TO THE PRODUCT

Initial Installation

ARDUINO IDE

Arduino IDE is the Original platform to program Arduino boards. This cross-platform application is available on Windows, macOS and Linux and under the GNU
General Public License. Arduino IDE supports C and C++ code structuring. Industrial Shields recommend using Arduino IDE to program Arduino Based PLC’s, but any Arduino compatible software are compatible with Industrial Shields Controllers.

Apart from that, Industrial Shields bring the possibility to select your Arduino based PLC into your Arduino IDE and compile your sketches for the different PLC’s.

Download the Arduino IDE 1.8.6:

Windows Installer

MAC OSX

Install Industrial Shields units to Arduino IDE:

Industrialshields boards

Inputs & Outputs

ANALOG INPUTS

Voltage variation between –Vcc (or GND) and +Vcc, can take any value. An analog input provides a coded measurement in the form of a digital value with an
N-bit number. In Digital and Analog I/O there’s self insulation, so its posible to connect them in a different power supply than 24 V.

Inputs: (6x) Analog (0-10Vdc) / Digital (5-24Vdc) configurable by software.

TYPICAL CONNECTION


DIGITAL INPUTS

Voltage variation from –Vcc (or GND) to +Vcc, with no intermediate values. Two states: 0 (-Vcc or GND) and 1 (+Vcc). In Digital and Analog I/O there’s self
insulation, so its posible to connect them in a different power supply than 24 V.

Inputs: (7x) Digital Isolated (5-24Vdc) and (6x) Digital (5-24Vdc) configurable by software.

TYPICAL CONNECTION


- Digital Isolated Input



- Digital No Isolated Input




INTERRUPT INPUTS

Interrupt Service Rutine.  A mechanism that allows a function to be associated with the occurance of a particular event. When the event occurs the
processor exits immediately from the normal flow of the program and runs the associated ISR function ignoring any other task. 

Interrupt Pin Arduino Mega Pin M-Duino
INT0 2 I0.5/INT0
INT1 3 I0.6/INT1 

    - I0.5/INT0 and I0.6/INT1 also as Pin3 and Pin2. Enable Interrupts turning ON the switches number 3 and 4 of down communication switches.

TYPICAL CONNECTION


Code example  

In this example we activate INT0 using pin I0_5 from M-duino board. When there’s a change

#define INTERRUPT I0_5 //other pins: I0_6, I2_6, I2_5, I1_6, I1_5 (M-Duino) I0_0, I0_3, I0_2, I0_1 (Ardbox)

volatile bool state = false;

void setup() {
  pinMode(INTERRUPT, INPUT_PULLUP);
  attachInterrupt(digitalPinToInterrupt(INTERRUPT), function_call_back, CHANGE);
}

void loop() {
  if (state == true){
    Serial.println("Interrupt activated");
    state = false;
  }
}

void function_call_back(){ //Change led state
  state = true;
}

Communications

Ethernet

Ethernet is the technology that is most commonly used in wired local area networks ( LANs ). A LAN is a network of computers
and other electronic devices that covers a small area such as a room, office, or building. It is used in contrast to a wide area
network (WAN) , which spans much larger geographical areas. Ethernet is a network protocol that controls how data is
transmitted over a LAN. Technically it is referred to as the IEEE 802.3 protocol. The protocol has evolved and improved over time
to transfer data at the speed of a gigabit per second.

Our M-Duino family incorporate the integrated W5500 IC.

WX5500 is a Hardwired TCP/IP embedded Ethernet controller that provides easier Internet connection to embedded systems. This chip enables users to have
Internet connectivity in their applications by using the single chip in which TCP/IP stack, 10/100
Ethernet MAC and PHY are embedded. The W5500 chip embeds the 32Kb internal memory buffer for the Ethernet packet
processing. With this chip users can implement the Ethernet application by adding the simple socket program. SPI is provided for
easy integration with the external microcontroller.

Hardware  

Hardware configuration

*IMPORTANT: Make sure that your Ethernet PLC is powered (12-24Vdc). Just with USB is insufficient power to power up the
Ethernet communication.

 

Switch configuration

For the Ethernet communication protocol there isn’t any switch that affects it. So it does not matter the configuration of the
switches to implement Ethernet communication.

Used pins

For Ethernet communication protocol, the defined Arduino Mega pin is pin 10 , which is connected and already internally
assembled to the WX5500 Ethernet controller. W5500 IC communicates to the Mega board via SPI bus already assembled too.
You can
access easily to Ethernet port in our Ethernet PLCs, it is located at the top of the communications layer.

Ethernet hardware configuration must be plug and play.

Software

 

*IMPORTANT: Make sure to download the Arduino based PLC boards for Arduino IDE.

Software Configuration:

Once the hardware configuration is done, it is possible to proceed with the software configuration and also its usage. Firstable it is necessary to include
the Ethernet2.h library provided by Industrial Shields (has the same functionallity as Ethernet.h and also
the same usage).

#include <Ethernet2.h> 
* Remember that for the V7 version or earlier versions you must use the <Ethernet.h> library.

Ethernet2 Library - functions.

* Ethernet2.h library has the same functions as Ethernet.h.

Example Codes:

Echo TCP Server:

Once the server is running, any client can connect to the server. On this example it is used an M-Duino to generate the server. The
example of TCP client showed before could be one of the clients.

Next it is showed the Arduino IDE code:

// use Ethernet.h if you have a M-Duino V7 version
#include <Ethernet2.h>
// mac address for M-Duino
byte mac[] = { 0xBE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED };
// Ip address for M-Duino
byte ip[] = { 192, 168, 1, 100 };
int tcp_port = 5566;
EthernetServer server = EthernetServer(5566);
void setup()
{
  // initialize the ethernet device
  Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);
  // start server for listenign for clients
  server.begin();
}
void loop()
{
  // if an incoming client connects, there will be bytes available to read:
  EthernetClient client = server.available();
  if (client.available()) {
    // read bytes from the incoming client and write them back
    // to the same client connected to the server
    client.write(client.read());
  }
}

Echo TCP Client:

Once the server is running, M-Duino can connect to the server. On this example it is used an M-Duino to connect with the Node.js
server called server.js, the same as used on previous example link.

To configure the M-Duino, this post just follows the TCP example from Arduino web site with a few changes. To be able to connect to the server we must know the TCP
server IP and the port where this server is listening.

Next it is showed the Arduino code:

#include <Ethernet2.h>
#include <SPI.h>
byte mac[] = { 0xBE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED };
byte ip[] = { 192, 168, 1, 100 };
byte server[] = { 192, 168, 1, 105 }; // Touchberry Pi Server
int tcp_port = 5566;
EthernetClient client;
void setup()
{
 Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);
 Serial.begin(9600);
 delay(1000);
 Serial.println("Connecting...");
 if (client.connect(server, tcp_port)) { // Connection to server.js
   Serial.println("Connected to server.js");
   client.println();
 } else {
   Serial.println("connection failed");
 }
}
void loop()
{
 if (client.available()) {
   if(Serial.available()){
     char s = Serial.read();
     client.write(s); // Send what is reed on serial monitor
     char c = client.read();
     Serial.print(c); // Print on serial monitor the data from server
   }
 }
 if (!client.connected()) {
   Serial.println();
   Serial.println("disconnecting.");
   client.stop();
   for(;;) ;
 }
}