How to use InfluxDB with Raspberry PLC
Inserting timeseries data to InfluxDB using Raspberry PLC
21 October, 2021 by
How to use InfluxDB with Raspberry PLC
Boot & Work Corp. S.L., Amil Shrivastava

In this tutorial we will connect Influx DB with raspberry PLC using python and upload a sensor data at regular intervals.

Introduction


InfluxDB

InfluxDB is an open-source time series database (TSDB) developed by the company InfluxData. It is written in the Go programming language for storage and retrieval of time series data in fields such as operations monitoring, application metrics, Internet of Things sensor data, and real-time analytics. It also has support for processing data from Graphite. Source: wiki

InfluxDB datastructure

As mentioned, InfluxDB stores time series data. It stores them in "points". A point is a single data record. Similar to a row in SQL database.

Each point has 4 component: 

  • A Measurement :- This is basically the string that is being stored. For eg. Temperature, Current, Voltage,Humidity,butterflies etc. It is a strings

  • A Tagset :- This is a dictionary of key-value pair and can be more than one. This is to store the metadata of the point and fetch or group points with this tag in the future. 

  • A Fieldset: Again a key-value pair, but this time it stores the data. For eg. if Measurement is butterflies, fields key can be "Monarch" and "Ringlet" and field values can be "2cm" and "1cm" respectively.

  • A timestamp

Raspberry PLC

Industrial shield's Raspberry PLC needs no introduction. It is one of the best selling PLCs from our vast catalogue. It is selected for great flexibility, versetality and efficiency.

Github Library

HSTS016L

It is a non invasive DC,AC and pulse hall split core current sensor that measures the current and gives an analog output.

Circuit diagram


Python Program

import time
import influxdb_client 
from rpiplc_lib import rpiplc
from influxdb_client.client.write_api import SYNCHRONOUS token ='qYtbuLIcxrjSuiUI_HOws_EBuXL_LQsCgolHVyhuGOLLnAxpRMEenXJGkQxKO3ANMf6EsUefmpO5FaGDkGCYRw==' org = 'ams@industrialshields.com' bucket = 'current_sensor' def sensor_data(): rpiplc.init('RPIPLC_57R') while True: sensoutput=rpiplc.analog_read("I0.5") print(sensoutput) print('....') #Calculating the voltage v_in_volt = (10/2048)*sensoutput print(v_in_volt) print('....') #Calculating the current using the formula of the datasheet current = ((v_in_volt -2.5)/0.625)*30 print(current)
#Connect with influxDB and insert data. client = influxdb_client.InfluxDBClient(url="https://europe-west1-1.gcp.cloud2.influxdata.com/",token=token, org=org) write_api = client.write_api(write_options=SYNCHRONOUS) p=influxdb_client.Point("current_readings").tag("sensor","HSTS016L").field("Current",current) write_api.write(bucket=bucket, org=org, record=p) time.sleep(0.2) def main(): print('starting...') sensor_data() if __name__ == "__main__": """ This is executed when run from the command line """ main()

How to use InfluxDB with Raspberry PLC
Boot & Work Corp. S.L., Amil Shrivastava
21 October, 2021
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