Cybersecurity in industry 4.0 is a basic element for the implementation of this new way of manufacturing and operating companies. Companies must understand that security is a fundamental part of the 4.0 model, not just an additional component. And for this, it is necessary for companies to develop a safety model and a safety culture that allows them to develop a new sensitivity, a safety work style, a new way of behaving, a new way of thinking about safety.
In the industrial sector, the manufacturing and operating processes are based on a series of elements that are part of a large network that interconnects all elements of production, from industry, automation factories, customer service facilities, the points of sale, the staff and the administration.
For this network to work, it is necessary that all components are connected and know each other. If one element fails, the whole system falls apart. In the new production line 4.0, the manufacturing and operating devices are connected through a communication network, which interconnects them all, in order to be able to produce the product based on one or more parameters.
This data integration occurs linked to the production stage of the product. The integration of data allows knowing the information that is received, that is transmitted and that which is generated in each of the manufacturing and operating devices.
Data integration allows joint management, joint management of the data that is received, the data that is sent, and the data that is generated in each of the manufacturing and operating devices. Data integration and joint data management are performed linked to the manufacturing process and its management.
Why is cybersecurity important in Industry 4.0?
In an industry where the Internet of Things (IoT) and Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) play such an important role, the need for robust cybersecurity is vital.
In the same way that it is necessary that all the components are connected and know each other, in order to produce the product based on one or more parameters if an element fails, also in terms of cybersecurity, everything is exposed, and therefore so much crumbles.
Gaining access to industrial control systems and production processes can allow attackers to cause physical damage to factory equipment and other infrastructure.
By using malware, attackers can also gain access to production data that they could use to alter the design of a product, or worse, cause severe damage to facilities or equipment.