Look for in our Blog. You will find multiple applications, solutions, code examples. Navigate using the tag cloud or search using specific criteria


Introduction



In this post we will see how to use the watchdog and what is the limit for our equipment.


Requirements


Ethernet or 20 I/Os PLC:      Ethernet PLC        20 I/Os PLC

watchdog library:  avr/wdt.h library


What is the watchdog?


Watchdog is an electronic timer that allows to reset the system in case of computer malfunctions and recover from it.

Watchdog consists on a decrementing timer, when the timer reaches to zero the system resets. Then you always have to refresh the watchdog.


Software


We will use the Watchdog library  “#include <avr/wdt.h>” provided by Arduino in order to program our own Watchdog.

Functions:

#define 

wdt_reset()   __asm__ __volatile__ (“wdr”)

#define 

WDTO_500MS   5

#define 

WDTO_1S   6

#define 

WDTO_2S   7

#define 

WDTO_4S   8

#define 

WDTO_8S   9

¡¡¡Important!!! The Ardbox PLC watchdog cannot work under 500ms. There are not limitations for M-Duino PLC.

Next there is an example of how to use it:

/*
   Copyright (c) 2017 Boot&Work Corp., S.L. All rights reserved

   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 */

#include <avr/wdt.h>

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void setup() {
	Serial.begin(9600L);
  // Set the watchdog on 500 ms 
  wdt_enable(WDTO_500MS);
}

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void loop() {
  // Refresh the watchdog
  wdt_reset();

  // WORK HERE, but faster than 500ms
  
  Serial.println("Watchdog is working if you don't see the points");
  delay(550);
  
  

  Serial.println("...");
}